Worksheet: Grammar 1

Simple Present Tense

The simple present tense is used to show an action carried out in the present time.
I walk to school.
He walks to school.

The simple present tense is used to show a regular or habitual action. It is usually used with adverbs like ‘often’, ‘everyday’, ‘sometimes’ and ‘always’.
I sometimes go to the library.
Tony goes to the library everyday.

We also use the simple present tense to show a general truth.
The sun rises in the east.
Most children like chocolate.

For the third person singular (he, she, it), the verbs take a change in form by:
a) adding ‘s’ to the verb.
I eat → She eats
You study → He studies

b) adding ‘es’ to verbs ending with ‘sh’ or ‘ch’.
We wish → She wishes
They watch → He watches

c) adding ‘es’ to verbs ending in ‘o’.
I go → She goes
We do → It does

d) changing a verb ending in ‘y’ to ‘ies’.
You cry → She cries
I try → He tries

The negative form of the simple present tense is made by adding:
a) ‘do not’ before the basic form of the verb (plural case).
You do not like swimming.
They do not play badminton.

b) ‘does not’ before the basic form of the verb (singular case).
She does not sleep in the afternoon.
It does not eat meat.

Fill in the blanks with the simple present tense of the verbs in brackets.
  1. Everyone _______________ (like) him.
  2. Iron _______________ (conduct) electricity but wood _______________ (do not).
  3. The gardener _______________ (trim) the hedge and _______________ (cut) the grass every week.
  4. The fishermen sometimes _______________ (catch) a lot of fish.
  5. I _______________ (to be) a student of that school.
  6. He _______________ (represent) our school in the debate competition.
  7. He _______________ (appear) frequently on television.
  8. The students _______________ (clean) their classroom every morning.
  9. Grandmother _______________ (walk) at the park every evening.
  10. Cows ________________ (eat) grass.
Underline the correct answers.
  1. Our basketball practice (is, are) usually held at 5.00 p.m.
  2. Babies usually (cry, cries) when they (is, are) hungry.
  3. Maimunah (cut, cuts) her hair whenever it (grow, grows) long.
  4. She seldom (visited, visits) her aunt even though she stays quite near to her.
  5. Most birds can (flies, fly) but some (does, do) not.
  6. Ali does not (likes, like) anyone touching his things.
  7. Do not (read, reads) other’s letter without permission.
  8. My mother does not (cook, cooks) on Sunday.
  9. Can you (understand, understands) English?
  10. The movie (start, starts) at 6.30 p.m. and (ends, end) at 9.30 p.m.